Anointing in the Bible

Anointing in the bible is a study I have been writing on for the last couple of weeks. Today, I want to continue with the anointing of kings.

No doubt, those who rule and lead should be found among those who are anointed. In fact, anointing a king was considered equivalent to crowning him. In the scriptures, the first kingly anointing was performed by Samuel on King Saul. In the English Standard Version, 1 Samuel 10:1 says:

“Then Samuel took a flask of oil and poured it on his head and kissed him and said, Has not the LORD anointed you to be prince over his people Israel? And you shall reign over the people of the LORD and you will save them from the hand of their surrounding enemies. And this shall be the sign to you that the LORD has anointed you to be prince over his heritage.”

Anointing of Prophets in the Old Testament

Those who are called to proclaim God’s word and declare his works were anointed with oil as well. Anointing of Prophets in Old Testament was mentioned in 1 Kings 19:16, where it says, “And Jehu the son of Nimshi shalt thou anoint to be king over Israel: and Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abelmeholah shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room.”

Kingdom of Priests

New Testament believers are considered a kingdom of priests, with Yeshua (Jesus, the anointed one) reigning as King. New Testament believers can rightfully anoint themselves with oil as a physical manifestation of their being filled continuously with the Ruach Ha Kodesh (Holy Spirit), as oil is symbolic of the Holy Spirit.

Who Was Anointed in the Bible?

Who Was Anointed in the Bible?

During biblical times, an individual was anointed with oil to signify God’s blessing or call on that person’s life. A person or an object was anointed for a special purpose – whether it be a king, a prophet, or an instrument used in the sanctuary. As a public act with witnesses gathered, an anointing makes a clear distinction of the one “called” for a specific purpose.

In the case of priests, they were anointed to carry out the duties in the care of the Temple, while prophets were anointed with boldness in order to carry out the great commission in proclaiming God’s word. Kings were anointed to lead the people. Other anointings mentioned in scripture included the sanctification of utensils and objects and for healing the sick.

What is Anointing Oil?

The Hebrew word for “anoint” is mashach, which means to smear, rub, cover, or massage with oil, and in some cases it means “to pour oil over the head or body.” Interestingly, the English word for “massage” is quite similar in meaning and pronunciation. Our English word “anoint” is derived from the ancient Latin word inunctus, which means to smear with oil. It shares the same root as the ancient Hebrew word mashiach for “Messiah” and the ancient Greek word kristos for “Christ” which literally means “anointed one.” In the New Testament, the Hebrew word Messiah only appears twice in John 1:41 and John 4:25, while the Greek word kristos or “Christ” which means “anointed one” is used 361 times. Other words and phrases used in the Scriptures such as anointing oil, ointment, spices, incense, perfumes, odors or sweet savors, aromas, or fragrances, all imply essential oils.